WHAT IS CANCER? PART 1

Hi DR Ryan here, medical oncologist AND PROFESSOR AND RETIRED COLONEL AND CANCER SURVIVOR and this is when tumor is the rumor and cancer is the answer. EVERYTHING IS NON PROFIT THIS SHOW IS Modeled after my book of the same name available on thE THERAPEUTIC web site, TWITTER ABOUT 450 BLOGS AND FACEBOOK and IS AVAILABLE ON BOTH THE WEB SITE AND Amazon, Take a look around lots of films and interviews and excerpts

I am sure you are familiar with our opening song   from chariots  of fire. A man has a plan and in a day it is crushed…… so it is when you have been told you have cancer ,thoughts of loss of control, soul sucking anxiety, what about your family and the list goes on as it hits  you like a ton of bricks.

He rose above it in the film  and so you to will be a hero ………I have seen no exception no matter how afraid you are, FIRST OFF WE DID NOT GET TO THE QUESTIONS OF LAST WEEK ALTHOUGH THE TALK DID COVER THEM ALL LET’S JUST QUICKLY TAKE A LOOK WITH MY APOLOGIES

First lets answer questions which tend to repeat

just how do you know if there is a depressive state in things? Covered this

Can you see the depression in your self or others? Perhaps not little insight

What does depression look like? See list of symptoms

How does depression feel to people? Never and forever lie See list

How can you work with the depressive state? Very difficult

Should you have guilt being depressed? No no no guilt is part of the fisease in many see list especially in elderly

So its all in what you eat? No no no I was just being fair to unfounded claims The blood sugar and binging and starving that may occur are bad however

Where do the good studies come from? There are none for food there are for depression in general ,meds, the integrative modalities and therapy

. Recently, Mehnert and colleagues reported a 31% prevalence rate for any psychiatric disorder in cancer patients. Rates for depression vary from 11% to 37%,. The rate for depression in the general population is 7%—and thus HIGHER among cancer patients—THE RATE OF SUICIDE IS TWICE THE NORMAL POPULATION

7 Physical Clues You Could Have Depression

 

Many people who suffer from chronic illnesses also suffer from depression. Depression isn’t something that should be overlooked; it should be brought to your doctor’s attention so that it can be treated. But how do you spot depression?  With help from prevention.com, we’ve put together a list of some of the most common physical signs that someone is suffering from depression.

 

Aches and Pains

Although many chronic illnesses have their share of aches and pains, depression can also make muscles and joints feel sore or exacerbate the problem. People who are happy or content generally feel pain less than those who have depression.

 

Difficulty Sleeping or Waking Through the Night

Not being able to relax enough to fall asleep or frequently waking up during the night and finding it difficult to go back to sleep could both be signs of depression. Lack of sleep or disturbed sleep can have a profound effect on mood and the ability to concentrate.

 

Changes in Weight

Loss of appetite or comfort eating are both associated with depression, but you may not realize you have either until you step on the scale and notice a difference. In addition, if you’re not sleeping well because you’re anxious or depressed, this can also mess with your appetite leading to weight loss or gain.

 

Skin Complaints

Because depression affects hormones, this often becomes apparent in our skin. Depression can lead to skin complaints like acne, psoriasis, and eczema and treating the depression can help with the skin complaint.

 

Stomach Problems

Mood definitely affects the gut, and people with depression may suffer from symptoms like nausea, constipation, diarrhea, heartburn and indigestion.

 

Headaches and Migraines

People with depression are more likely to experience frequent headaches or migraines. Although this could also be a side effect of medication or treatments you take for your chronic illness.

 

Oral Problems

Dentists in Australia have found people with depression are more likely to need dental work such as tooth extractions and cavities than those who don’t. The thought behind this is that if you’re depressed, you’re less likely to be as diligent about oral health.

 

Depression questionqaire IS KEY

 

Suicide

growing body of evidence that mental and physical health do not function on separate planes, and that one can influence the other.

 

Since most cancer occur is the elderly and cancer is proportional with age and depression may look different than just those simple 7 symptoms Diagnosing Depression IN THE ELDERLY is somewhat different

Common symptoms of depression—fatigue, diminished concentration, thoughts of death/suicide, weight loss/gain—are confounded with side effects from cancer treatments or, potentially, the cancer itself.

 

The literature suggests that two gateway symptoms—depressed mood and loss of interest—are most valuable in diagnosing depression in cancer, but identifying these symptoms is not necessarily useful in older adults.

“The gateway questions come off the table as less than useful diagnostic criteria when we combine cancer and aging. “

Major and Minor Themes

anhedonia depressed mood without sadness , reduction in social relationships/loneliness, loss of meaning and purpose, and lack of usefulness and sense of being a burden. These are big and also seen somewhat in younger patients

Four minor themes also emerge: attitude toward treatment, mood, regret and guilt, and physical symptoms and limitations.

Another central issue was loneliness, depressed patients tended to have limited meaningful relationships and were socially isolated and withdrawn.

 

Loss of meaning and purpose in life was STRONGLY PRESENT and they display an inability to adjust to their new limitations. “rumination THIS IS CRITICAL AND PATIENTS GO BACK TO IT (WHAT THEY DID IN THE PAST) OVER AND OVER AGAIN Lack of usefulness and sense of being a burden is also displayed in all depressed.

There was no difference between depressed and non depressed participants in terms of their willingness to engage in treatment, but attitude toward treatment different“

 

The non depressed are much more proactive regarding their treatment, whereas the depressed are resentful, angry, and upset about their treatment,”

Both depressed and non depressed look back at their lives and experience some level of regret, but the amount of guilt experienced the differentiating factor between the non depressed and the depressed. “The depressed patients seemed to ruminate on their regrets, whereas the non depressed are able to put their regrets in a tolerable perspective,”

 

No actual difference in physical limitations is observed between the two groups, but a difference is noted in how they cope with those limitations. Depressed do not adapt.

 

LECTURE 6 PART 1  BLOG IT AND SUBMIT IHEART FORM

 

BUT WE MUST KNOW THAT WHICH WE ARE AFRAID OF WE MUST KNOW THE ERSONALITY OF THE BEAST TO BE BETTER ABLE TO FIGHT IT , WE MUST KNOW THE ENEMY AND THAT IS WHAT WE ARE GOING TO TALK ABOUT TODAY AND  NEXT WEEK AND THEN AFTER WE FINISH THE TWO WEEKS ON WHAT IS CANCER WE ARE GOING TO OPEN THE WHOLE SHOW UP TO PERTINEINT QUESTIONS

BY THAT TIME IT IS A PERFECT TIME GOR A BREAK We will Have COBERRED ATTITUDE, autonomy, anxiety, depression and what is cancer and that is a perfect time to STOP AND TAKE STOCK of what did we learn and ask anything you WAMT  the oNly stupid question is the one you diD not ask

 

I MAY HAVE SOME QUESTIONS FOR YOU

NOW LETS SINK OUR TEETH INTO THE BEAST..THE ENEMY ..WHAT IS CANCER

 

 

THE ENEMY

 

First, a Parable

 

 

Winter was coming early to the western Cordillera range of the Sierra Nevada and the mountain man knew it was time to head down to safer ground. Packing his mule, he heard from behind a cold craggy granite precipice the unmistakable hissing and eerie rattle of the deadly western diamond back. Then, as strange as it seems, the snake spoke and began pleading with the rugged frontiersman. “Pleasssse, oh Pleassse.”, it begged while hissing, “Winter has come early and I will ssssurely freesssse if you do not put me in your pack and take me down to ssssafer warmer ground

Hard won experience had told the mountain man to be wary. He declined, stating firmly, “You will surely bite me before the trail is through”. The snake assured him he would never do such a thing if the man would save him. Thus, reckoning back to lessons from his ma and pa long since dead after hard laboring the rocky western Kentucky soil, the cautious but kindly outdoorsman took pity on one of God’s creatures. Carefully, against his gut instincts, he placed the viper in his pack and headed to lower, warmer ground.

At the end of the journey, as promised, he reached into the pack to release the viper. Of course the snake struck, injecting the outdoorsman with blindingly painful venom and the near certainty of an ugly and lonely demise. The Good Samaritan of the frontier was enraged and while still lucid reminded the snake of his promise.

The snake replied, slowly and sincerely, “but you knew I wassss a sssnake when you helped me, I just did what sssnakes do”

 

…. and so it is with the enemy, cancer.

 

“They’re toast”. That is not a rare expression uttered by some physicians in private when hearing of a severely threatening diagnosis. I have heard this common irreverent comment and similar ones uttered by my colleagues and young residents when referring to those newly diagnosed with cancer. Curiously, these flippant declarations do not always follow a diagnosis of advanced or terminal disease. These insensitive quips have even popped out at the mere confirmation of the mere diagnosis before any determination of stage or degree of severity. Why? It is because cancer is the ultimate terrorist, the perfect enemy.

Cancer, the anathema, the incubus; nothing evokes more fear. There is no greater pariah to caretaker, clinician or patient. Indeed the very origin of the word “cancer,” from “crab” speaks legions regarding the dread with which we regard the word. Why is this?

Perhaps we fear cancers’ amazing talent for infernal mimicry of the norm. Cancer cells imitate normal cells, but perversely. Perhaps we detest the macabre brilliance by which cancer cells systematically unravel the elegant mysteries of normal cells. Cancer cells, regarded by some scientists intellectually as little medical miracles, take their cue from normalcy but with a deviant twist. They grow; constantly, irrepressibly.

Their mere presence conjures up visions of evil humors reminiscent of those alluded to by Galen, the ancient Greek founding father of medicine, as they swarm over the unsuspecting patient. They are admirably ingenious rogues with innumerable deceptions cloaking them from our immune systems’ elegant surveillance and intelligence network. They have amazing techniques that protect them from detection and eradication.

Cancer cells will also not stay put. They marshal innocent patients’ wondrous blood vessel factories and command those factories to build an evil network of canals and thoroughfares of new vessels which bring the malignant little monsters nourishment and usher them on journeys to distant organs to wreak havoc. These princes of parasitism suck essential nutrients from us, decimating our defenses. Some cause local mayhem, blocking critical passageways, bowel and bladder alike. Some make us weep blood. Some sneak off to the otherwise pristine recesses of the brain confounding movement and sensation while causing neurological crises. Malignant and malevolent, it is no wonder we hate cancer with unbridled passion.

It is so poignant that in our battle against cancer we employ potent poisons in a sort of chemical and biological warfare. These therapies frequently count on the “good guys”, our normal tissues, to hang in there despite the sometimes enormous toll therapy exacts on the body. The quest is rather daunting; to kill a cancer cell and still leave normal cells and tissues largely undisturbed and surviving normally. For some, successful surgical removal of the cancer holds a pivotal place in the armamentarium. For others, blasting away with radiation is the treatment. Others receive chemical, biological or combined assaults.

Cancer can be and is often killed. However,  biologically resistant and insolent to the last, this enemy will not die without a fight and without a fight, the patient often will

Some CANCER BASICS

 

PONDER THIS

HOW DO LIVER CELLS KNOW WHEN IT IS TIME TO STOP GROWING BECAUSE THEY HAVE REACHED LIVER NESS

 

And so it goes for every other organ

in cancer the cells do not stop , they escape or impair immune detection or fool it , They simplY do not stop having children. They do not stop growing .

they have ways of turning off natural timing of A cells death or making vascular highways for themselves to feed themselves as well as have highways to travel on and spread either by direct extension or through the blood

What Is Cancer?

Cancer can start any place in the body. It starts when cells grow out of control and crowd out normal cells. This makes it hard for the body to work the way it should.

Cancer can be treated very well for many people. In fact, more people than ever before lead full lives after cancer treatment. 65% The numbers used to be opposite

Here we will explain what cancer is and how it’s treated IN VERY general terms. You’ll find a list of words about cancer and what they mean at the end of this booklet.

Cancer basics

Causes

 

How cancer begins

Cells are the basic units that make up the human body. Cells grow and divide to make new cells as the body needs them. Usually, when cells get too old or damaged, they die. Then new cells take their place. AT A NORMAL HEALTHY PACE

Cancer begins when genetic changes impair this orderly process. Cells start to grow uncontrollably. These cells may form a mass called a tumor. A tumor can be cancerous or benign. A cancerous tumor is malignant, meaning it can grow and spread to other parts of the body. A benign tumor means the tumor can grow but will not spread.

 

Some types of cancer do not form a tumor. These include leukemias, most types of lymphoma, and myeloma.

Cancer is caused by changes (mutations) to the DNA within cancer cells. The DNA inside a cell is packaged into a large number of individual genes, each of which contains a set of instructions telling the cell what functions to perform, as well as how to grow and divide.it tells it what proteins to make that might blck the immune systems Errors in the instructions can cause the cell to stop its normal function and may allow a cell to become cancerous.

What do gene mutations do?

A gene mutation can instruct a healthy cell to:

  • Allow rapid growth. A gene mutation can tell a cell to grow and divide more rapidly. This creates many new cells that all have that same mutation.
  • Fail to stop uncontrolled cell growth. Normal cells know when to stop growing so that you have just the right number of each type of cell. Cancer cells lose the controls (tumor suppressor genes) that tell them when to stop growing. A mutation in a tumor suppressor gene allows cancer cells to continue growing and accumulating.
  • Gene mutations can cause normal cells to Make mistakes when repairing DNA errors. DNA repair genes look for errors in a cell’s DNA and make corrections. A mutation in a DNA repair gene may mean that other errors aren’t corrected, leading cells to become cancerous.

Those mutations are the most common ones found in cancer. But many other gene mutations can contribute to causing cancer.

What causes gene mutations?

Gene mutations can occur for several reasons, for instance:

  • Gene mutations you’re born with. You may be born with a genetic mutation that you inherited from your parents. This type of mutation accounts for a small percentage of cancers. Perhaps 5-8%
  • Gene mutations that occur after birth. Most gene mutations occur after you’re born and aren’t inherited. A number of forces can cause gene mutations, such as smoking, radiation, viruses, cancer-causing chemicals (carcinogens), obesity, hormones, chronic inflammation and a lack of exercise.

Gene mutations occur frequently during normal cell growth. However, cells and especially those in our immune system when it works correctly contain a mechanism that recognizes when a mistake occurs and repairs the mistake. Occasionally, a mistake is missed. This could cause a cell to become cancerous.

How do gene mutations interact with each other?

The gene mutations you’re born with and those that you acquire throughout your life work together to cause cancer.

For instance, if you’ve inherited a genetic mutation that predisposes you to cancer, that doesn’t mean you’re certain to get cancer. Instead, you may need one or more other gene mutations to cause cancer. Your inherited gene mutation could make you more likely than other people to develop cancer when exposed to a certain cancer-causing substance.

It’s not clear just how many mutations must accumulate for cancer to form. It’s likely that this varies among cancer types

 

While doctors have an idea of what may increase your risk of cancer, MANY of cancers occur in people who don’t have any known risk factors. Factors known to increase your risk of cancer include:

Your age

A big factor Cancer can take decades to develop. That’s why most people diagnosed with cancer are 65 or older. While it’s more common in older adults, cancer isn’t exclusively an adult disease — cancer can be diagnosed at any age.

 

Your habits

Certain lifestyle choices are known to increase your risk of cancer. Smoking, drinking more than one alcoholic drink a day (for women of all ages and men older than age 65) or two drinks a day (for men age 65 and younger), excessive exposure to the sun or frequent blistering sunburns, being obese, and having unsafe sex can contribute to cancer.

You can change these habits to lower your risk of cancer — though some habits are easier to change than others.

 

Your family history

Only a small portion of cancers are due to an inherited condition. If cancer is common in your family, it’s possible that mutations are being passed from one generation to the next. You might be a candidate for genetic testing to see whether you have inherited mutations that might increase your risk of certain cancers. Keep in mind that having an inherited genetic mutation doesn’t necessarily mean you’ll get cancer.

 

Your health conditions

Some chronic health conditions, such as ulcerative colitis, can markedly increase your risk of developing certain cancers. Talk to your doctor about your risk. Chronic inflammatory states

 

Your environment

The environment around you may contain harmful chemicals that can increase your risk of cancer. Even if you don’t smoke, you might inhale secondhand smoke if you go where people are smoking or if you live with someone who smokes. Chemicals in your home or workplace, such as asbestos and benzene, also are associated with an increased risk of cancer

 

Cancer is a scary and complex disease. Even when it’s caught early and with good odds for surviving and living a long, healthy life, there are a lot of people who develop cancer each year—and, sadly, not everyone survives it. Most cancers develop depending on several factors, but research has identified many contributing causes of cancer. Some are obvious and preventable, while others are the simple yet unfortunate result of genetics. And although many cancers have a high probability of being beat, the lack of proper or available medical care in certain areas, and even whole countries, can greatly impact the survival rate.

 

 

Taking into account the complexity of the disease and recognizing that many factors usually contribute to developing it, here’s again the wide range of what causes cancer— a little more in depth and some tips to change what you can to prevent the disease…

 

1. The Sun

The damage caused by ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun have been studied immensely over the years. According to the Skin Cancer Foundation, UV is a proven carcinogen that in excess, can lead to skin cancer as a result of gene mutations from exposure to these harmful rays. There are various types of skin cancer that UV rays can cause or contribute to the risk of, with melanoma being the most serious and often deadly type. There’s a reason many health experts don’t approve of the use of tanning beds, and at least one developed country has completely banned the use of them (hint: it’s Australia).

 

Although people frequently flock to warm, sunny, vacation destinations to soak up the rays, it doesn’t need to be hot outside to damage your skin and potentially increase your risk of skin cancer. A cooler, cloudy day can still be risky, so you shouldn’t only wear sunscreen when you’re somewhere hot and sunny. You often see parents lathering their children in sunscreen, and while kids have sensitive skin and would be in a lot of pain if they were seriously burned from the sun, adults need protection too.

 

Genes

As we stated People can be at a higher risk of developing cancer from their genetic makeup, or DNA. More specifically, certain mutated genes can be passed onto children from generation to generation, something you can’t prevent or control the effect of. The American Cancer Society explains that cancer is believed to be formed from more than one gene mutation, so you aren’t likely to develop cancer just from one mutated gene inherited through DNA. However, people who inherit these faulty genes are then at a disadvantage because they’re automatically starting off with one mutated gene.

 

Breast cancer is a prime example of this—there are two genes that can be inherited, which can greatly increase the risk of breast cancer within families or lineages. There’s testing that can be done to find out if you have one of these risky genes, and it’s believed that around 5- to 10-percent of breast cancer cases are caused by them. Although many women and some men are diagnosed with breast cancer each year, it’s something that is often caught early enough to treat and overcome.

 

. Smoking

No list of factors that cause cancer would be complete without smoking. Cigarettes kill a staggering amount of people each year because of various types of cancer, many of which develop in the lung, esophagus, mouth, throat, and stomach. More and more cities are banning the use of cigarettes inside public establishments, on patios, and in vehicles as research has shown that second hand smoke is harmful and even deadly for those who don’t smoke. It seriously increases the risk of developing several types of cancer, as well as harmful diseases in other organs.

 

 

With all the advertisements about how dangerous smoking is to your health and its ability to greatly increase your risk of cancer, you might wonder how and why it’s legal. The good news is, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has tracked smoking trends since 1965, and the amount of adult smokers has decreased by over 20-percent in that time frame. If you need help quitting smoking, take advantage of the many helpful online tools available, join a support group, and talk to your doctor about kicking the habit for good.

Eating Habits and (Lack of) Physical Activity

There are many things that increase the risk of or cause cancer that can’t be prevented. But there are some lifestyle choices that contribute to the risk of developing it, and poor eating habits and little physical activity are two of them. The research relating to diet and cancer is still ongoing, but what we currently know is that a poor diet could increase the risk of cancer. More recent research has shown that the food we eat can not only influence developing the disease, but certain healthy foods may decrease or even help prevent cancer from developing. SUCH AS LEAN MEATS VEGGIES

 

How we treat our bodies is a major factor in being healthy—including limiting and reducing the risk of diseases like cancer, obesity, heart disease, diabetes, and others that vary in severity. Exercising and getting regular physical activity play a role in this too. Being active not only reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease, but also lowers the chance of obesity, hormone fluctuations, and immune system function. These factors have all been connected to cancer, so taking care of your body in every way is important. Being overweight TRIPLES your risk of UTERINE cancer: here is a breakdown of how

Fatty tissue produces the hormone oestrogen, which regulates a woman’s reproduction and is linked to the cancer when levels in the body are excessive

  • Obesity increases a woman’s chance of the disease by a massive six times
  • Other risk factors are diabetes, being postmenopause and not having children
  • Women should look out for abnormal vaginal bleeding, as well as pain during sex
  • If detected early, a sufferer’s survival chances beyond one year are 95 per cent

 

AGE Age

It’s a common fact that as you grow older, your chance of developing cancer increases. This isn’t surprising because many types of cancer are more common amongst older age groups. According to the Mayo Clinic, since cancer can take decades to develop it’s most common for people 65 and older to develop cancer. Cells don’t mutate into cancerous cells overnight, so slow changes can happen over a healthy person’s lifetime without them knowing. Sometimes it happens naturally,IS DETECTED AND DEALT WiTH BECAUSE OF EARLY SCREENING OR A HEALTHY IMMUNE SYSTEM while in some cases the cell mutates from the person being exposed to carcinogens, like cigarettes or environmental hazards.

No one can prevent cancer completely but there are steps that can be taken to help lower the risk of developing cancer. You can’t stop the aging process, but eating healthy, exercising, limiting exposure to carcinogens, and seeing your doctor for regular physicals, GETTING SCREENS are all important for your future—what you do now and how you treat your body as you grow older can have a long-term impact, and being as healthy as possible is the best way to avoid certain preventable diseases, including contributing to your risk of certain cancers.

 

Asbestos

Asbestos exposure, and mesothelioma as a result of this exposure, might be rare these days, but you’d be surprised by the amount of people suffering from cancer and other complications associated with asbestos. Over the years, the use of asbestos in buildings and materials has dramatically decreased, but it’s still possible to be exposed to these deadly minerals, especially in older buildings. And it’s still used frequently in some countries, so the dangers are still there.

Asbestos comes in the form of tiny fibers that are inhaled and cause damage to the lungs. It can also be ingested through water that gets contaminated from the pipes it runs through. In addition to lung cancer and mesothelioma, asbestos has shown to increase the risk of cancer in the larynx and ovaries. It’s also been linked to other forms of cancer, making asbestos exposure a very real and serious threat to the health of anyone exposed to it. People working in construction are most at risk because of the materials used and potential for mishandling and other ways of exposure

Excessive Alcohol Consumption

The impact of alcohol consumption on our health has been widely studied. Many experts believe a drink a day, or specifically a glass of wine a day, could be good for your health. Others believe there are too many potential harmful effects and that alcohol should be completely avoided. Regardless of these two sides, it’s agreed that excessive alcohol consumption can lead to numerous serious medical conditions, including cancer, cardiovascular disease, and mental health problems. Then there’s the effect on your personal and professional life, which can cause serious problems.

 

Some of the most common cancers linked to drinking too much over a long period of time are liver, colon, throat and breast cancer. In the case of breast cancer, it could increase your risk by around 10-percent. It’s important to note that drinking excessively doesn’t equate to being addicted to alcohol. There are many people who binge drink or regularly have 10 or more drinks per week but aren’t considered alcoholics or have a risky dependence on alcohol. But there is both short and long-term damage associated with drinking, so most experts agree that moderation is key.

 

Sex HPV

Conditions Affecting the Immune System

The immune system is your body’s way to defend and prevent infections and diseases. Weakened immune systems or those that don’t function properly are at risk of allowing harmful cells to hurt the body. An unfortunate cause of cancer stems from immune systems that are already affected by another medical condition or syndrome. This makes it especially difficult on the person with the existing condition, as oftentimes the problems they currently face cause them to struggle even more and cause additional complications once cancer has also been diagnosed.

 

Since viruses weaken the immune system, there are certain types of viruses that could cause cancer or put the person at a higher risk of developing it in their lifetime. According to the American Cancer Society, some of these viruses include hepatitis B and C, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), human papilloma viruses (HPVs), and human herpes virus 8 (HHV-8). Several other viruses have been linked to causing cancer but there isn’t enough evidence yet to prove the connection

 

AGENT ORANGE OTHER TOXINS

Types of cancer

Doctors divide cancer into types based on where it began. Four main types of cancer are:

  • Carcinomas. A carcinoma begins in the skin or the tissue that covers the surface of internal organs and glands. Carcinomas usually form solid tumors. They are the most common type of cancer. Examples of carcinomas include prostate cancer, breast cancer, lung cancer, and colorectal cancer.
  • Sarcomas. A sarcoma begins in the tissues that support and connect the body. A sarcoma can develop in fat, muscles, nerves, tendons, joints, blood or lymph vessels, cartilage, or bone.
  • Leukemias. Leukemia is a cancer of the blood. Leukemia begins when healthy blood cells change and grow uncontrollably. The four main types of leukemia are acute lymphocytic and myeloid leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, , and chronic myeloid leukemia.
  • Lymphomas. Lymphoma is a cancer that begins in the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is a network of vessels and glands that help fight infection. There are two main types of lymphomas: Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

 

There are many other types of cancer. These above are the main groups

 

 

How cancer spreads

As a cancerous tumor grows, the bloodstream or lymphatic system may carry cancer cells to other parts of the body. During this process, known as metastasis, the cancer cells grow and may develop into new tumors.

One of the first places a cancer often spreads is to regional lymph nodes draining the area. Lymph nodes are tiny, bean-shaped organs that help fight infection. They are located in clusters in different parts of the body, such as the neck, groin area, and under the arms.

Cancer may also spread through the bloodstream to distant parts of the body. These parts may include the bones, liver, lungs, or brain. Even if the cancer spreads, it is still named for the area where it began. For example, if breast cancer spreads to the lungs, it is called metastatic breast cancer, not lung cancer.a very very common mistake and not just grammar

.

Diagnosing cancer

Often, a diagnosis begins when a person visits a doctor about an unusual symptom. The doctor will talk with the person about his or her medical history and symptoms. Then the doctor will perform various tests to find out the cause of these symptoms. Many people with cancer have no symptoms, though. For these people, cancer is diagnosed during a medical test for another issue or condition.

Sometimes a doctor diagnoses cancer after a cancer screening test in an otherwise healthy person. Examples of screening tests include colonoscopy, mammography, and a Pap test amd soon genetic b;ood tests. A person may need additional tests to confirm or disprove the result of the screening test.

 

For most cancers, a biopsy is the only way to make a definite diagnosis. A biopsy is the removal of a small amount of tissue for further study. The following expression is crude but memorable no meat no treat. You must know the tissue diagnosis not guess

 

Cancer and its treatment can cause several complications, including:

  • Pain. Pain can be caused by cancer or by cancer treatment, though not all cancer is painful. Medications and other approaches can effectively treat cancer-related pain
  • .
  • Fatigue. Fatigue in people with cancer has many causes, but it can often be managed. Fatigue associated with chemotherapy or radiation therapy treatments is common, but it’s usually temporary.
  • Difficulty breathing. Cancer or cancer treatment may cause a feeling of being short of breath. Treatments may bring relief.
  • Nausea. Certain cancers and cancer treatments can cause nausea. Your doctor can sometimes predict if your treatment is likely to cause nausea. Medications and other treatments may help you prevent or decrease nausea. Mj is once again like the 1980’s showing a possible role as is hypnosis, meditation acupunture and acupressure
  • Diarrhea or constipation. Cancer and cancer treatment can affect your bowels and cause diarrhea or constipation.
  • Weight loss. Cancer and cancer treatment may cause weight loss. Cancer steals food from normal cells and deprives them of nutrients. This is often not affected by how many calories or what kind of food is eaten; it’s difficult to treat. In most cases, using artificial nutrition through tubes into the stomach or vein does not help change the weight loss. But it is tired Medical therapy is tried and once age the cannabanoids- the munchies may have a role research is really and difficult to do as MJ is still stupidly classified as a stage 1 drug up there with opium and heroin
  • Chemical changes in your body. Cancer can upset the normal chemical balance in your body and increase your risk of serious complications. Signs and symptoms of chemical imbalances might include excessive thirst, frequent urination, constipation and confusion. Some times it can be very severe
  • Brain and nervous system problems. Cancer can press on nearby nerves and cause pain and loss of function of one part of your body. Cancer that involves the brain can cause headaches and stroke-like signs and symptoms, such as weakness on one side of your body. There is also a lot of research into so called chemo brain especially in breast cancer.
  • Unusual immune system reactions to cancer. In some cases the body’s immune system may react to the presence of cancer by attacking healthy cells. Called paraneoplastic syndrome, these very rare reactions can lead to a variety of signs and symptoms, such as difficulty walking and seizures. High and low calciums, increased clotting and many more
  • Cancer that spreads. As cancer advances, it may spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body. Where cancer spreads depends on the type of cancer. And cancers of a particular type typically spread to the same list of sites for that cancer
  • Cancer that returns. Cancer survivors have a risk of cancer recurrence. Some cancers are more likely to recur than others. Ask your doctor about what you can do to reduce your risk of cancer recurrence. Your doctor may devise a follow-up care plan for you after treatment. This plan may include periodic scans and exams in the months and years after your treatment, to look for cancer recurrence.This is Dr Kevin Ryan author of the book when tumor is the rumor and cancer is the answer, a comprehensive text for newly diagnosed patients and their families available on the website of the same name and Amazon signing off radio www.w4cs.com the cancer support radio program   and ARCHIVED AUDIO FILES ON iheart RADIO END PART 1
  • See you Next Tuesday at noon PST when we will look at PART 2 OF WHAT IS CANCER WITH A LOT OF REINFORCEMENT AND NEEDED REPEPTITION AND SOME NEW INFORMATION
  • Lets see if we have time for questions